Reducing Green Character with Yeast Strains (Enartis) (2017)

This study examines the impact of different yeast strains on green character in Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Franc grapes were harvested and processed on the same day into 3 separate T Bins. Each T Bin received 25ppm sulfur dioxide and were then inoculated with either CSM (ScottLabs), D254 (ScottLabs), or D20 (Enartis). D20 yeast may reduce green character through higher fermentation temperatures blowing off pyrazine (Enartis 2018), therefore this T bin was fermented in the sun. CSM was chosen because it is also marketed as being able to reduce green character (Scott Laboratories 2018), but since it did not specify a higher fermentation temperature, this treatment was not fermented in the sun. Each T Bin was punched down twice per day and pressed on the same day for 9 days of maceration. All other treatments between wines were identical. All yeast strains had similar fermentation kinetics, with D20 perhaps being slightly warmer. Wine chemistry was similar between treatments, except that IBMP was slightly lower in the D20 yeast treatment. There were no strong trends for the descriptors used in this study. There was a slight trend for the CSM wine to have higher Fruit Intensity, and for the CSM and D20 wines to have higher Astringency. There was a slight preference for the D254 wine.

Read Full Report (PDF)