Effects of Adding Hydrolyzable vs Condensed Tannin during Red Wine Fermentation (2016)

This study examines the impact of adding different sources of exogenous tannin to fermenters during Merlot processing. The treatments were set up as follows: 1) Control, 2) FT Rouge (ScottLabs) at 30g/hL, 3) FT Rouge (ScottLabs) at 50g/hL, 4) Tanéthyl Effe (AEB) at 10g/hL, and 5) Oenotan Selection (Esvin) at 10g/hL. All treatments were the same, except that the treatment with FT Rouge at 50g/hL was inoculated with a different yeast from the rest. This wine was therefore not tasted at sensory sessions. No major wine differences could be seen between treatments. The tannin varied with their effect on color intensity: some increased intensity slightly whereas others slightly decreased it. Anthocyanin, in general, was slightly lowered by tannin addition. Tannin content was relatively unaffected, except for FT Rouge 50, which experienced a large increase in tannin. The differences from FT Rouge 50, however, may have been due to the yeast strain used, and does not indicate necessarily that the increase in tannin addition had the effects. Overall, no major preferences could be seen for any treatment, except that the Tan Ethyl Effe was often least preferred. There may have been large changes in wine sensory qualities in bottle over time, as the wines seemed to taste different at the different tastings. This could confound any attempt to compare wines across tastings. This study suggests that exogenous tannin can have impacts on final wine chemistry and sensory qualities, and this may be largely impacted by yeast strain selection as well. In the future, more studies examining the combined impact of exogenous tannin addition with yeast strain selection should be performed.

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